Data Science

Scikit Learn to Pandas: Data types shouldn't be this hard

Nearly everyone using Python for Data Science has used or is using the Pandas Data Analysis/Preprocessing library. It is as much of a mainstay as Scikit-Learn. Despite this, one continuing bugbear is the different core data types used by each: pandas.DataFrame and np.array. Wouldn’t it be great if we didn’t have to worry about converting DataFrames to numpy types and back again? Yes, it would. Step forward Scikit Pandas.

Cloud Native Data Science: Best Practices

Following the Cloud Native best practices of immutability, automation and provenance will serve you well in a CNDS project. But working with data brings its own subtle challenges around these themes.

Cloud Native Data Science: Technology

Technology choices in data-driven products are, as you would expect, largely directed by the type and amount of data. The first and most crucial decision to make is whether the data will be processed in a batch or streaming fashion.

Cloud Native Data Science: Strategy

Data Science has become an important part of any business because it provides a competitive advantage. Very early on, Amazon’s data on book purchases allowed them to deliver personalised recommendations whilst customers were browsing their site. Their main competitor in the US at the time was Borders, who mainly operated in physical stores. This physicality prevented them from seamlessly providing customers with personalised recommendations [1]. This example highlights how strategic business decisions and data science are inextricably linked.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

If you ask anyone what they think AI is, they’re probably going to talk about sci-fi. Science fiction has been greatly influenced by the field of artificial intelligence, or A.I.

Probably the two most famous books about A.I. are I, Robot, released in 1950 by Isaac Asimov and 2001: A Space Odyssy, released in 1968 by Arthur C. Clarke.

I, Robot introduced the three laws of robotics. 1) A robot must not injure a human being, 2) a robot must obay the orders, except where the orders would conflict with the First Law and 3) a robot must protect its own existance as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.

2001: A Space Odyssey is a story about a psychopathic A.I. called HAL 9000 that intentionally tries to kill the humans on board a space station to save it’s own skin, in a sense.

But the history of AI stems back much further…

What Is Data Science?

Data Science is an emerging field that is plagued by lurid, often inconsequential reports of success. The press has been all too happy to predict the future demise of the human race.

But sifting through chaff, we do see some genuinely interesting reports of work that affects both bottom-line profit and top-line revenue.


Registered Address

Winder Research and Development Ltd.,

Adm Accountants Ltd, Windsor House,

Cornwall Road,


North Yorkshire,

HG1 2PW,


Registration Number


VAT Number

© Winder Research and Development Ltd. 2016-2018; all rights reserved.